A Critical Analysis of Marxist Feminist Multi-Voiced Expressions in Pakistani Writings


  • Amara Faheem Lecturer, Department of English, Lahore Leads University, Lahore - Pakistan


Marxist feminism,, state of mind after hundred years, text analysis, Umrao Jaan Ada, and The Holy Woman


Pakistani English literature is internationally recognized. It elaborates on Pakistani culture, societies, and individual and collective thought represented in its writings. Different writers have different perspectives to discuss but Marxist Feminism is an important aspect about which very few writers focused, on the point of view of the property, dominancy, wages, and shares in the economy. Men are not only denominated on women’s bodies but also their economy which females deserve in the form of inheritance or wages. Karl Marx and Frederic Engels wrote a book: The Origin of Family, Private property, and the State (1884), and presented a theory on Marxist-feministic phenomena that men and women do the same job but women receive the reward not equally men. This can be because of males’ dominant society or in other words, females are not aware of their basic rights. This study is the subjective analysis of reading the two novels of the pre-modern time: Umrao Jaan Ada by Hadi Ruswa and the post-modern era fiction: The Holy Woman by Qaisra Shahraz to analyze the custom prevalent in the society of Pakistan regarding the Marxist-feminist approach. The hypothesis is also, whether the situation varies after hundred years of awareness. However, the study has the conclusion of the same state.