The Impact of Nicotine and Social Drinking Behavior and Brain Function


  • Rehan Haider Naqvi Head of Marketing and Sales, Riggs Pharmaceuticals, Karachi - Pakistan


Addiction, Psychoactive substances, Respiratory, Nicotine


Nicotine acts on nearly every Physiological System of the human body. The effects of nicotine on the Peripheral nervous system have been extensively studied and are now quite well understood. The effects of nicotine on the central nervous system are more complex and our understanding of these effects is limited. The Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamics of nicotine with an emphasis on the Psychopharmacological basis of nicotine dependence. In South America, seeking for psychoactive effects of nicotine might be as old as the origin of horticulture, beginning some eight thousand years ago present Ritual tobacco was used in shamanism aimed to achieve acute nicotine intoxication, which induced in the shamans’ catatonic states representing symbolic death. The effect of large doses of nicotine on the autonomic and central nervous system gave the impression of a gradual death of the shaman, who then returned miraculously to life (Wilbert 1987). Regular, moderate use of nicotine alone or in combination is a well-known, widely established and loved practice of men and women both. Despite, health consequences to these pharmacological agents, people continue, quite persistently, to consume these substances and afford much value to the pleasure of a regular intake