Psychological Effects of First Language Attrition on Undergraduate English Level Learners in Faisalabad


  • Aanish Khalid Research Scholar, The University of Faisalabad - Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Nailah Riaz Head of Department English Language and Literature, The University of Faisalabad, Pakistan


Language Loss, Teaching Practices, Language Maintenance, Language Retention, First Language Attrition


For many years, researchers have debated the impact of a learner's second language (L2) on their first language (L1). The general goal of this study is to identify the psychological elements that contribute to first language loss when learning a second language. Because this study is limited to Faisalabad, the first language is Urdu, and the data was gathered from undergraduate English as a second language students. The present study investigates to what degree English, as a second language, learners feel it difficult to communicate in a foreign language environment. English language classrooms of two universities including a private and government-level university have been taken as a sampling frame. Data have been collected through questionnaires which were given to twenty-five (25) students from each university. In addition, semi-structured interviews were done to assess replies. The findings demonstrated that psychological abruptions are a primary cause of the smothering of the first language to the constraints of foreignness and oddity in English Language Learners. The study finds that improved language education rules are required, and students should be able to utilize their first and second languages in day-to-day conversation. The study is useful for improving pedagogical practice in English Language Teaching (ELT).